Water, Life and Civilisation was a major Leverhulme Trust funded project examining the relationships between climate, hydrology and human society in the Jordan Valley over the last 20,000 years and a little way into the future. The project ran from 2004 concluding with a conference at the Royal Society and a major monograph published in 2011 by Cambridge University Press with UNESCO in the International Hydrology Series. The project was based at Reading University under the overall leadership of Prof. Steven Mithen and CBRL was a partner in the research with Prof. Bill Finlayson working as one of the co-PI's in the research. State of the art models were produced to simulate past and future climate, geological evidence was used to reconstruct past environments, and hydrological models developed for the Jordan Valley and associated wadis. Archaeological evidence for water management and human responses to climate and environmental change was reviewed, and research was conducted on how contemporary urban and rural populations manage their water supplies.